What form of business enterprise will enable a green recovery?

Climate Exp0
5 min readMay 17, 2021


Samuel Tang, Simone Cenci, Maurizio Zollo and Livio Scalvini

Artwork: Dr Cécile Girardin

The problem — the current form of business enterprise

Planetary and social imbalances produced by human activity reinforce each other in a deadly spiral. But environmental destruction and socio-economic inequality do not need to be an inevitable consequence of economic growth. It is possible to create a virtuous spiral between prosperity, social and environmental regeneration. This requires a complete rethink of the logic that drives our economies and our business enterprises — a new logic of business enterprise that rewards just, fair, and inclusive economic development within planetary boundaries.

Without doubt, business today is not aligned to this agenda and still has a long way to go. At the Leonardo Centre, a multi-faculty centre of excellence of Imperial College London, we believe that today’s logic of business enterprise and economic growth models are the main barriers for delivering a green recovery.

The solution — a society where companies pursue profit for societal impact

The solution to both societal and competitive challenges lies in creating a radically innovative form of business enterprise. One that is designed to compete on the basis of its superior capabilities in creating economic and human value for its stakeholders (e.g., customers, employees, suppliers, business partners, investors, and local communities).

This form of business integrates the interests and the voice of the investors in financial, human, social and natural capital. This requires a redesign of the firm’s governance and strategic decision processes, incentive and control systems, innovation and marketing processes, supply chain and talent management, as well as leadership models and cultural traits.

At a systemic level, this form of enterprise will be able to generate a positive cycle between economic prosperity, social equity and planetary regeneration that ensures a fair distribution of the opportunities to flourish for all individuals, organisations, and societies.

But how can firms manage the transition towards this stakeholder-centred logic of business enterprise? What are the innovation, experimentation, learning and transformational change processes necessary to evolve to this inclusive, regenerative and profitable organisational form?

To regenerate business for society, we propose a collaborative model with business, policymakers, and civil society to explore, innovate, and co-create the evidence based transformational change processes through a combination of behavioural data, organisational experimentation, and scaling of the best solutions.

The Leonardo-Golden dataset: a unique behavioural approach

Previous attempts to quantify and leverage sustainability actions in companies to inform how we transition to a carbon neutral future that is just and socially equitable have been limited by the coarse-grained aggregated descriptions of corporate social responsibility.

We developed the Leonardo-Golden dataset, the first global dataset of corporate initiatives targeted to social and environmental regeneration. We used advanced Machine Learning algorithms and a unique methodology that estimates the optimal distribution of effort across UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and across alternative actions to pursue them within business activities.

The data collected and codified by Leonardo-Golden offers a robust baseline assessment of the status of an organisation in terms of the SDGs targets and the way it aims to contribute to them. This is a quantitative and objective basis to create sustainability strategies that optimise financial performance as well as social and environmental impact.

Developing an optimal portfolio of corporate sustainability behaviour

By comparing companies’ sustainability actions we can estimate the optimal distribution of efforts across SDGs and types of behaviour that maximise financial performance and social-environmental impact for companies within each sector.

Overall, our goal is to provide managers, industries, investors, policymakers, civil society actors, and academia with a view on the sustainability of an enterprise which is unique, orthogonal, and complementary to standard analysts’ ESG scores and emission data. We believe this complementary view is needed to help design, quantify, and foster the systemic evolution towards forms of enterprise that can enable economic prosperity with social justice, regeneration of nature, and mitigation and adaptation to climate change.

Co-creating and scaling a new logic of business enterprise

In addition to this data-driven work, discovering a new logic of business enterprise in the Anthropocene requires all stakeholders (e.g., Business, Government, policymakers and regulators, civil society organisations and academia) to come together to reimagine their roles and interdependencies in the ecosystem of change.

By sharing our diverse perspectives, approaches, and experiences through co-laboratories — organised in thematic workshops during which participants share their experiences with organisational change challenges and learn from data insights — we can ideate innovative forms of change interventions and co-design scientifically sound and strategically oriented experiments inside companies and within their stakeholder ecosystem to identify the best change approaches to core elements of business.

The most effective solutions can then be scaled across the organisation and its sector through collaborative efforts where business and scientific expertise is leveraged through appropriate policy initiatives.

Leonardo Centre on Business in Society

The Leonardo Centre on Business for Society has been established to contribute to this critical rethinking and transformation of the way we do business. Leonardo is a collaborative platform for business, policymakers, civil society, and academia to co-create systemic change at scale. We are at the heart of a cross-disciplinary community of 15 Imperial College research centres and a global community of more than 150 scholars in 60 universities around the world working on a common overarching research agenda — a more equitable, prosperous, and sustainable future.

If you would like to learn more about our work, view our presentation on-demand at Climate Exp0, and join us on June 16, 2021 for an interactive, action-oriented conversation between business and academia. More details can be found here.

Climate Exp0 is the first virtual conference from the COP26 Universities Network and the Italian University Network for Sustainable Development (RUS), sponsored by UK Research and Innovation (UKRI), Cambridge University Press, the Conference of Italian University Rectors (CRUI), and the 2021 UN Climate Change Summit (COP26).

Running from 17–21 May 2021, it takes place at a critical juncture in the COP26 pre-meetings and negotiations, and is part of the All4Climate Italy 2021 official pre-COP26 initiatives. Learn more and register your place via https://www.climateexp0.org.



Climate Exp0

Climate Exp0 was the first virtual conference from the COP26 Universities Network and the Italian University Network for Sustainable Development (RUS).